China’s approach may change in the future. That’s if it can neutralise the pivot of Persian Gulf airports at Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Doha. And if it can out-manoeuvre their airlines in global long-haul markets. It may be more likely that China’s penetration of African civil aviation will occur via partnerships with African airlines, and taking equity shares.
Without visiting Ethiopia, it’s hard to gauge the country’s movement towards a digital economy. However, Ethiopia is racing to become a leader in an African digital financial services revolution.