With an outdated story that gives up on manufacturing, Africa will fail to close the huge digital gap it still faces. The gap is reflected in the fact the continent contributes less than 1% of world’s digital knowledge production. To reduce this gap, African countries will have to start by expanding internet access and use. If internet use across the continent can be expanded to the same rate as in high-income countries, 140 million new jobs and US$2,2 trillion could be added to GDP.
"Leaders will have to embrace integrity, competency, consistency, and openness. This kind of leadership will not only encourage cohesion amongst teams but also collaborative innovation. The fourth industrial revolution will involve working with virtual networks of partners, and this will call for leaders to give their teams autonomy. This is a world of difference compared to the second industrial revolution way of management."
"The fourth industrial revolution will be all about interconnecting processes, industries, and institutions through new technology. Bearing in mind that there is a global reduction in higher institution funding, it is prudent to use technology to utilise resources efficiently. African institutions of higher learning have a duty to create spaces that foster ideation, innovation, and incubation of ideas that will develop into technological solutions."
Powerful new technologies are emerging that will continue to affect individuals in multiple ways. This has led to references to a Fourth Industrial Revolution – a new era involving the application of digitisation and automation to different areas of society and everyday life. This revolution is one that presents distinct opportunity. But it also presents major risk and human costs.