In West Africa, mistletoes are found on many indigenous trees and several tree crops of economic importance. These hosts include shea, neem, sweet orange, cocoa, rubber and the African locust bean tree.
The African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) is regarded as an important tree crop, used for medicine and food. The trees also play a valuable role in nutrient cycling by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in soils. They are susceptible to mistletoe infection and agroforestry managers usually eradicate the parasitic plant.
FOREST21 is a joint project with the goal of strengthening capacity in South African higher education in forestry. The project is coordinated by Häme University of Applied Sciences in Finland, and is implemented in collaboration with five higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa, Aalto University in Finland, and the Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences.